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Neurology, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Oncology, Obesity, Endocrinology, Vascular surgery - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, description of the disease.

Monday, 27.03.2023, 03:47
Main » ENT Diseases » Treatment of chronic rhinitis 
Treatment of chronic rhinitis

Treatment of chronic rhinitis

With various forms of chronic rhinitis treatment includes:

  • Elimination of possible endo-and exogenous factors contributing to and supporting the common cold.
  • Drug therapy for each form of the common cold.
  • Surgical intervention is indicated.
  • Physiotherapy and climatotherapy.

Addressing the causes, supporting a chronic process in the nasal mucosa, is a priority for treatment common cold. Among them, often chronic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. In such cases, abnormal discharge drains into the nasal cavity and, as the extreme irritant, causes and maintains a chronic runny nose. After sanifying operations on the affected sinus runny nose usually stops or its treatment becomes more effective.

Active treatment of common diseases (obesity, kidney disease and heart, etc.), improvement of hygienic conditions at home and at work (with the exception or reduction of dust and gas and air, etc.) makes it a great success to treat the common cold.

In the catarrhal chronic rhinitis binders used: 3-5% solution of protargol (colloid silver) - 5 drops in each half of the nose 3 times a day. At the same time it is recommended thermal procedures on nose UHF or microwaves and UV through endonasal tube. Patients with chronic catarrhal rhinitis is recommended periodically to stay warm dry climates.

Treatment of hypertrophic chronic rhinitis usually includes methods by which steadily reduces the amount of thick sections of nasal mucosa and nasal breathing is restored.

The criterion for rational choice of treatment is the degree of hypertrophy of the turbinates, and the degree of impairment of nasal breathing. With a little hypertrophy, when, after smearing a vasoconstrictor agent, mucosa and reduced nasal breathing improves, apply the most sparing surgery:
  • galvanokaustiku
  • cryoinfluence.

In severe hypertrophy shows a partial resection of hypertrophied turbinates - turbinotomy.

Treatment of atrophic rhinitis chronic mainly symptomatic. The patient must see to it that in the nasal cavity did not accumulate and cake discharge. To remove them, must be systematically irrigate the nasal cavity by means of an atomizer with isotonic sodium chloride solution with the addition of iodine. Periodically apply irritating care - lubrication of the nasal mucosa iodine-glycerol, which increases the activity of the glands of the mucous membrane.

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