Radiographic methods in urology are important, sometimes crucial. For X-ray examination of the patient should be prepared. Should be carefully emptied bowels. Before the test in 2-3 days assigned diet with fewer carbohydrates. The evening before the study and the morning of the study conducted enema. Perhaps even the appointment of activated carbon during the day and a laxative the night before. On examination the patient should therefore be a shock. In order to avoid excessive formation of gases in the morning the patient is allowed to drink some strong tea with toast. Gases produced in the intestines can not see the clear outlines of the kidneys and other organs.
Radiography. Usually this is the first of the X-ray studies, conducted urological patient profile. Panoramic X-ray covers almost the entire urinary tract and gives an indication of the anatomical structure of the kidney and to assume the character of processes occurring in it and decide on future tactics of the study. On the x-ray you can see the shadow of kidney stones and urinary tract, bladder.
Excretory urography. With this method, the study patient intravenously injected contrast agent (Ultravist, Urografin, haypek, triambrast), which is then excreted by the kidneys. At certain points in time produced images that allow you to get a picture of the kidneys and urinary tract and to assess their functional status.
Infusion urography. This is the same excretory urography, but it introduces more contrast material through an intravenous drip. It allows you to get a clearer picture pyelocaliceal of the kidneys.
Retrograde ureteropielografiya. In this contrast agent filling of the urinary tract is made of the catheter through the urethra. Used Ultravist, and Urografin. In this study reveal even slight changes in the cups, buds, pelvis and ureter.
Antegrade pyelography. The dye in this study is introduced by percutaneous lumbar puncture. It is used when other methods do not allow to diagnose the disease of the kidneys and urinary tract. It allows you to specify the state of the upper urinary tract and their function.