When diabetes is mainly celebrated the defeat of the arteries. Diabetes mellitus - a condition in which blood glucose levels due to increased or lack of insulin or insensitivity to it the body's cells. Insulin - a hormone that provides for the transfer of glucose from the blood into cells.
With diabetes, heart disease, some are related. One of them - it is retinopathy. Retinopathy - is an abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. Another disease associated with vascular disease in diabetes - this nephropathy, kidney disease. In diabetes increases the risk of atherosclerosis, increased blood cholesterol, blood pressure and increases the risk of coronary heart disease. In addition, diabetes is associated with disorders of the nervous system - the neuropathy. In this condition, marked loss of sensation in the fingers and toes.
The best way to prevent these vascular complications of diabetes - adequate control of blood glucose. If left untreated diabetes, the vascular complications of his lead to health problems such as blindness, kidney failure, stroke, myocardial infarction, or trophic ulcers on the legs. In diabetes may also develop necrosis - gangrene, the only treatment which is amputation.
What are the symptoms of disease observed in diabetes?
The signs of disease, observed with diabetes include:
Edema of face or limbs, or body weight gain
Sores in the legs and feet
Numbness or tingling sensation in hands and feet
Leg pain when walking
High blood pressure
Causes of vascular disease in diabetes
When diabetes is several times higher risk of developing certain diseases. This risk is higher the longer you have diabetes. Their occurrence also affects high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, or diet with high content of fat in the diet.