Varicose veins of the rectum - a very common disease of the weakness of the vascular wall hemorrhoidal veins under the influence of factors contributing to the disruption of the blood outflow from the cavernous plexus.
In people the disease is referred to as hemorrhoids, and may be congenital or acquired.
There are several major reasons for hemorrhoids:
adverse working conditions (long stay in a sitting position or standing, heavy physical labor),
pregnancy and childbirth (especially recurrent)
alcohol abuse, rough, greasy food,
prostate and narrowing of the urethra, creating a need for straining.
Usually varicose veins of the rectum is usually gradual, long maintained a moderately severe symptoms.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids:
burning, itching, feeling of fullness and discomfort in the anus, worse after drinking, bathing or exercise;
appear later bleeding of varying intensity,
possible development of thrombosis
inflammation of hemorrhoids, which in severe cases transferred to the surrounding tissue, as well as hair loss and impairment that can lead to necrosis.
Diagnastiruyut the disease in an objective examination of the perianal area with the patient squatting and straining, the study by digital rectal anoscope conduct, as well as sigmoidoscopy, which allows to evaluate intestinal mucosa to a depth of 30-35 cm from the anus.
Originally treat hemorrhoids conservative way.
You should always diet:
fruits, vegetables, dairy products, bread made from wheat flour,
forbidden to use spices and alcohol
Use cool baths and washing,
careful bathroom anus after each bowel movement,
gymnastic exercises to prevent congestion in the pelvic organs and the normalization of the motor-evacuation function of the colon,
prescribed medicines and cleansing enemas, ointments and rectal suppositories containing, as a rule, several active components. Exercise their choice in each case only a proctologist should due to the fact that all drugs used in the treatment of hemorrhoids are certain nuances of application.
To improve the efficiency of local therapy is needed oral means, improve venous tone and prevent blood clots.
With significant complications of hemorrhoids should have a surgical procedure - ligation and excision of the nodes.
This time there poluhirurgicheskie methods: sclerotherapy, extreme temperatures (cryosurgery and focal infrared coagulation), ligation sites with latex rings. The application of these techniques may, at any stage of the disease, but later they are used primarily as a preparation for the implementation of radical surgery.
Patients suffering from varicose veins of the rectum should always be supervised by the surgeon. In the case of inflammation, frequent bleeding with bowel movements, hemorrhoids infringement should seek medical advice immediately and in any case not to self-medicate.