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Saturday, 08.08.2020, 05:35
Main » Psychoneurology » Stress and adaptation disorders 
Stress and adaptation disorders

Stress - the human condition, his reaction to the non-specific physiological, psychological and behavioral levels that occur in response to extremely strong extreme stimuli.

The main types of stress:
  • physiological
  • psychological.

The latter is divided into information and emotional. It could be negatively and positively stained events and phenomena. For example, stress can occur when receiving a joyous event that was considered lost loved one alive.

Stress can have a positive mobilizing effect, but may appear negative, leading to disruption of the body. Stress is a negative impact referred to as distress (misery, sickness, poverty).

Emotional stress, in contrast to the information associated with the intellectual overload of information occurs in threatening situations, in connection with the offense, danger.

Stressor - a factor that causes stress. There are:
  • physiological (extreme physical activity, high or low temperature, pain, etc.)
  • psychological (threat to the well-being, fear, a sense of danger) stressors.

Adjustment disorder is observed in the period of adaptation to a significant change in social status (loss of loved ones or a long separation from them refugee status) or to stressful life events (including - a serious physical illness). It must be proved by a temporary connection between stress and disorder arising - not more than 3 months from the start of the stressor.

In disorders of adaptation in the clinical picture observed:
  • depressed mood
  • anxiety
  • concern
  • feeling unable to cope, adapt to it
  • some reduction in productivity in daily activities
  • penchant for dramatic behavior
  • outbreaks of aggression.

On the basis of the prevailing disorder distinguish the following adaptation:

  • brief depressive reaction (no more than 1 month)
  • prolonged depressive reaction (less than 2 years)
  • Mixed anxiety and depressive reaction, with a predominance of violations of other emotions
  • reaction with a predominance of behavioral disorders.

Other reactions to severe stress, as noted nozogennyh reactions (occurring in connection with severe physical illness). There are also acute stress reactions, which develop as a response to extremely strong, but short (within hours, days) traumatic event that threatens the mental or physical integrity.

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