The concepts of diabetes and diet are inseparable, because only competent limitation of sugar from food can prevent worsening of the disease, when insulin is not cope with the resulting glucose. A diabetic insulin and so little is produced due to violations of the pancreas, and since it is responsible for insulin absorption by the body of sugar, the latter is absorbed poorly due to diabetes, and remains mostly in the blood, which can lead to very unpleasant consequences.
Therefore, properly chosen diet for diabetes can prevent the carbohydrate metabolism and facilitate the work of a weakened pancreas. And first of all restrictions in the diet in diabetes related to carbohydrates, which are cleaved in the body to glucose. This sugar, honey, jam, jams, candies, pastries and other sweets, sweet fruits and berries: grapes, bananas, raisins, dates. Often there are even recommendations to completely eliminate these foods from your diet, but it is really necessary only in severe diabetes.
At the same light, and the average severity of illness, subject to regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, eating a small amount of candy is acceptable. But serious studies have shown that in the progression of diabetes and a large contribution by the high content of fat in the blood. Therefore, it is unreasonable to restrict the consumption of fatty foods.
The total amount of fat consumed in the free form, and for cooking (butter and vegetable oil, lard, cooking oils) should not exceed 40 grams per day. You also need to limit consumption of other foods containing large amounts of fat - fatty meat, sausages, frankfurters, sausages, cheese, sour cream and mayonnaise. Also in the diet should be seriously limited, but better not eat fried, spicy, salty, spicy and smoked food, canned food, pepper, mustard and alcoholic beverages. And it really is not good for diabetic foods containing both high in fat and carbohydrates: chocolate, ice cream, cream cakes and pies - about these products, there are very strict limits.
As you can see, the diet in diabetes prevents large excess, so it may be easier to list those products that are approved for use. This is the bread - up to 200 grams per day, preferably black or a special diabetic. Soups mostly vegetables, but the soups, cooked over a low meat or fish broth, you can use no more than twice a week. Meat, poultry (up to 100 grams per day) or fish (up to 150 grams per day) - low-fat varieties, boiled or jellied form. Eggs - not more than 2 pieces per day: boiled, scrambled or in the form of using in the preparation of other dishes. Courses and side dishes from cereals, legumes, pasta, you can afford now and then, in small quantities, reducing the consumption of bread these days.
Better use of cereals oats and buckwheat, are admissible as millet, barley, rice cereal, but semolina is better to exclude. As for vegetables, potatoes, beets, carrots, it is recommended to use no more than 200 grams per day. But other vegetables (cabbage, lettuce, radishes, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes) and vegetables (except for spicy) can be used with virtually no restrictions on raw and cooked. Fruits and berries are sour and sour-sweet varieties (apples Antonovka, oranges, lemons, cranberries, red currants) - up to 200-300 grams per day. Milk - only with doctor's permission, dairy products (yogurt, buttermilk, unsweetened yogurt) - 1-2 cups a day.
Cheese, sour cream, cream - and occasionally a little bit. But cottage cheese with diabetes is recommended to use daily, up to 100-200 grams per day in kind or in the form of curd, cheese cakes, puddings, casseroles. The fact that the cottage cheese and oatmeal and buckwheat porridge, bran, rosehips improve fat metabolism and normalize liver function, prevent the fatty changes in it. Allowed to drink, not all - green or black tea, weak coffee, tomato juice, juice from the berries and fruit acid varieties. Mode of food intake in the diet for diabetes is also subject to certain rules. Eating with diabetes have at least 4 times a day, but better - 5-6 times in the same time. But the most unique approach to diet can be found only doctor who knows how the disease occurs, what are the test results - it all helps to adjust the power on time and to avoid serious trouble.