In addition to cancer, mammography can detect and benign processes in the mammary gland.
Calcifications. This is a limited accumulation of calcium salts (ie, lime) in breast tissue. sometimes it can be a sign of the presence of early stage cancer. Typically, calcification is not detectable in the thickness of the breast, however, easily recognized by mammography. Depending on how these calcifications are collected, their shape, size and number, your doctor may choose additional methods.
The large size of calcifications are usually not associated with breast cancer. At the same time, the accumulation of small calcifications may indicate an overactive gland tissue cells. In most cases this is due to non-tumor processes, but sometimes it can speak for the presence of early cancer.
Cysts. In contrast, tumors that are "continuous" accumulation of tissue, a cyst is a thin-walled cavity containing the liquid. This is a fairly common type of changes in breast tissue and is rarely associated with cancer. The best method that allows to distinguish a cyst from a tumor, an ultrasound, since ultrasound waves pass through a cyst, but reflected the tumor.
Fibroadenoma. This is a moving rounded tumor-like formations, formed their normal cell cancer. although they are not cancerous, they can also grow. And any tumor formation, which increases in size, to be removed to make sure that it is not cancer.
Fibroadenomas - the most common type of mammary tumors, especially in young women.
Standard mammography is that performed by two shots in the different projections of both breasts. Even if you have a tumor in only one gland, both glands is mammography. This allows, first, to compare the two mammary glands, which facilitates the detection of changes in their tissue, and second, the second check for the presence of hardware changes. If you previously held mammogram, the doctor will compare the past with these pictures.
Explanation of mammograms
A doctor who has studied the image on the mammogram, notes that there are changes in the tissue, including the asymmetry (when one half of the cancer is something that is not in the other half), a region with a nonuniform seal tissue calcification clusters, as well as any areas of thickening of the skin. However, based on the results of mammography alone, a doctor can not say with certainty whether or not it is cancer, as these entities have the same signs on the mammograms. That is why for many women, mammography - is only the first stage of diagnosis.