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Neurology, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Oncology, Obesity, Endocrinology, Vascular surgery - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, description of the disease.

Monday, 25.09.2023, 14:56
Main » Neurology » The defeat of the nervous system in diseases of the heart and blood vessels 
The defeat of the nervous system in diseases of the heart and blood vessels

The defeat of the nervous system in diseases of the heart and blood vessels

Congenital and acquired diseases of the heart and blood vessels may be accompanied by a neuro-psychiatric manifestations. It is characteristic that for many diseases: heart disease, myocardial infarction, aortic aneurysm, endocarditis, and others.

The initial period of cardiac and vascular disease often characterized by asthenic vegetative-vascular disorders - general weakness, fatigue, sleep disturbance, unstable heart rate and blood pressure. Characterized by headaches - persistent, widespread all over the head, or more limited (temple head). When a significant duration and severity of the disease may cause recurrent dizziness and vomiting, as well as hand tremor, instability of sight (the so-called nystagmus, which is manifested "swing" eye pupil).

Congenital heart defects occur already in childhood. Due to the significant disruption of blood circulation and blood redistribution probably the general underdevelopment of the child, and later development of speech and other intellectual and cognitive function, poor memory. In more severe cases are possible epileptiform seizures with loss of consciousness, as well as recurrent syncope. Often, these children have symptoms of neurosis - the fears, permanent inner restlessness, sleep disturbances.

Myocardial infarction may be complicated by various disorders of cerebral circulation: lethargy, weakness, drowsiness or agitation, headache, impaired reflexes. With the progression of circulatory decompensation may appear symptoms of so-called cardiac shock: loss of consciousness, impairment of voluntary movement and sensitivity of the muscle.

Changes in heart rate of heart disease can cause sudden fainting, loss of consciousness accompanied by severe pallor, deceleration rate, it is sometimes possible upuskanie urine.

In the case when the irregular heartbeat is not accompanied by loss of consciousness may develop sudden anxiety syndrome, panic attacks.

It is characterized by symptoms of the aorta - the so-called dissecting aneurysm of the aorta. This disease is characterized by expansion and stratification of the wall a certain area of the aorta - a breast, cervical or lumbar regions of her. As a result, blood circulation in the organs that supply blood from the aortic branches that lie below the aneurysm. Clinically the disease manifests itself sharply pain arising in the projection of the aneurysm, the pressure drop with a possible loss of consciousness and a fairly rapid development of peripheral myelopathy - the destruction of the structure of muscles and nerves because of the severe violations of their blood supply.

Treatment of neurological complications described to be directly related to the treatment of the underlying disease - from an early surgical intervention (eg, aortic aneurysm, and myocardial infarction), to the careful selection of individual therapeutic schemes (some congenital malformations, cardiac conduction).

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