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Monday, 25.09.2023, 16:30
Main » Neurosurgery » Spinal Cord Injury 
Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Injury

The severity of spinal cord injury depends on the level of the spinal cord

The spinal cord is damaged with a combination of vertebral fractures with dislocation (fracture-dislocations), fractures of arcs with spikes, breaks drives, spinal ligaments, etc.

The severity of spinal cord injury depends on the level of the spinal cord. The higher the level of the spinal cord, the greater the manifestation of the motor area

The spinal cord - a body, along with the brain related to the central nervous system. He seems to be a continuation of the brain. The spinal cord is located in the spinal canal, which is formed by the bodies and the vertebral arch. However, the spinal cord fills the entire spinal canal is not, and he goes up to 2 - 3 lumbar vertebra. The length of the spinal cord at an average of 45 cm

The spinal cord consists of gray (inside) and white (outside) of the substance. It is divided into cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral sections.

The spinal cord has two main functions: reflex and explorer. The reflex function of the spinal cord provides the motion. Pass through the spinal cord reflex arc, which involves a contraction of the muscles of the body (except for the muscles of the head). An example of a simple motor reflex - knee-jerk reaction. The spinal cord with the brain regulates the internal organs: heart, stomach, bladder and sexual organs.

The white matter of the spinal cord connects and coordinated work of all departments of the central nervous system, performing a function explorer. Nerve impulses coming from the spinal cord receptors, transmitted via ascending pathways to the brain. From the brain impulses of a descending pathways coming to the underlying spinal cord and from there - to the authorities.

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