Pancreatitis - an inflammation of the pancreas caused by her defeat of their own enzymes (autodigestion).
Causes of pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is the result of increasing pressure in the pancreatic duct and the return throw enzymes in the gland. The reasons that lead to an increase in intraduct pressure may be stones in the bile ducts, which are squeezing pankreaticheky flow or cover his mouth. In men, a common cause of acute pancreatitis is alcohol abuse.
The development of pancreatitis
As a result of increasing pressure in the ducts of the pancreas enzymes, which it develops, arrive in the very fabric of the prostate and begin to destroy it. This is a medical emergency requiring immediate gopitalizatsii.
In severe forms of acute pancreatitis - pancreatic necrosis is necrosis (necrosis), a significant amount of pancreatic tissue. Necrotic process in this case can be extended to the fatty tissue surrounding the pancreas and other organs located in the retroperitoneal space. If activated pancreatic enzymes, and come into the abdominal cavity, they cause aseptic peritonitis pancreatogenic. If not carried out timely intensive care, death occurs patient.
Symptoms of pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is shown:
Severe pain in upper abdomen (epigastric region, region of the right or left hypochondrium), and often have pain, zoster in nature. In severe pain spread throughout the abdomen.
There is vomiting, which does not bring relief, at a later date of onset - bloating, gas neothozhdenie, delayed stool.
Develops severe poisoning of the body, manifesting the appearance of jaundice, confusion, acute renal failure.
Diagnosis of pancreatitis
Symptoms of acute pancreatitis is usually fairly well defined, and therefore does not cause diagnostic difficulties. However, in order to determine the form of acute pancreatitis, and in accordance with this, choose the right treatment strategy is often required to make laparoscopy - examination of the inside of the abdominal cavity of a special tool. If it is assumed that the cause of pancreatitis was biliary tract stones, on an emergency basis is a special endoscopic and radiographic study - retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
The treatment of pancreatitis
Treatment of patients with acute pancreatitis should be conducted only in surgical and intensive care unit often. Therapy is a massive introduction of a variety of drugs into the vein. Compulsory medical measure is hungry. At the beginning of the disease surgical treatment is required. However, if there are septic complications of acute pancreatitis, surgery is indicated, which if necessary can be repeated several times.