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Monday, 27.03.2023, 05:00
Main » Gastroenterology » Gastritis - Symptoms,Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention 
Gastritis - Symptoms,Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention

Gastritis - Symptoms,Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention

Chronic gastritis - an inflammation of the gastric mucosa, characterized by disorder of gastric juice and gastric contractions.

Chronic gastritis affects 50% of the population, and only 10-15% of calls to doctors. Chronic gastritis leads to malabsorption of a number of nutrients and vitamins the body needs. Often develop anemia (anemia), because the stomach stops producing factor involved in hematopoiesis (antianemichesky factor Castle). In addition, the background gastritis (gastritis with low acidity) may develop tumors of the stomach. In 75% of chronic gastritis combined with chronic cholecystitis, appendicitis, colitis and other digestive diseases.

Symptoms of chronic gastritis

The most common symptoms are:
  • feeling of pressure and fullness in the stomach over the area after a meal
  • heartburn
  • nausea
  • Sometimes a dull ache
  • loss of appetite
  • unpleasant taste in your mouth.
  • In the case of erosive processes in the stomach, there are surface defects of the mucous membrane that can bleed.

Causes of gastritis:
  • Violation of the rhythm and power, inadequate and poor quality, and acute fatty foods, alcohol abuse.
  • Medications that promote secretion of gastric juice.
  • Occupational hazard - Industrial dust, chemicals, and radionuclides.
  • Smoking.
  • Stress, neuro-emotional stress.
  • Infection of the microbe Helicobacter pylori.
  • Genetic predisposition, heredity.

Diagnosis of gastritis

Identify the nature of gastritis by using modern methods of examination:
  • Ultrasound
  • gastroscopy
  • laboratory methods of determining the microorganism Helicobacter pylori
  • biochemical analyzes of blood
  • scatology and bacteriology.

Later, the modern treatments, diet, nutrition and prevention of possible complications. Chronic gastritis is often the cause of intestinal dysbiosis.

Prevention of gastric

The main importance is a complete and balanced diet, adherence to diet, rejection of the use of alcoholic beverages, smoking. Need to monitor the state of the mouth, in a timely manner to treat diseases of other abdominal organs. Patients with chronic gastritis, especially with low acidity, should be at the dispensary and comprehensively tested at least twice a year.

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