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Sunday, 26.05.2019, 20:28
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Viral conjunctivitis

Viral conjunctivitis

Viral conjunctivitis has now become very common. They are highly contagious disease and, in many cases becomes an epidemic. Conjunctivitis is a lot of different kinds of viruses.

Herpetic conjunctivitis.

This type of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye causes the herpes simplex virus. Most often, children are sick. Usually the herpes virus affects one eye. The disease erased, sluggish. Disease is a long time. Almost always accompanied by the precipitation process of herpetic vesicles on the skin of age.

Herpetic conjunctivitis may be:
  • catarrhal
  • follicular or vesicular-ulcerative.

Catarrhal conjunctivitis is characterized by a form of herpes ease the flow. Manifestations of the disease are mild. Mucous discharge from the eye, a small amount of it. Occasionally there is adherence of the bacterial flora and discharge from the eye becomes purulent. Conjunctival redness eye is weak.

In the follicular form of the conjunctiva produced follicles (vesicles). The hardest runs vesicular-ulcerative form of herpetic conjunctivitis. In this age of the conjunctiva and eyelids formed the edges of erosion or ulcers. Ulcers covered with a thin film. There are complaints tearing, inability to look at the light.

Adenoviral conjunctivitis.

Adenoviral conjunctivitis is also called faringokonyunktivalnaya fever. Only recently been elucidated viral nature of this disease. When adenoviral conjunctivitis of the eye but there is sore throat, fever, which occur at the beginning of the disease. Later joined conjunctivitis, first on one, then the second eye. Eyelids are swollen. Mucous eyes red. Appears scant clear mucous discharge.

There are three forms of this disease:

In the catarrhal form of adenoviral conjunctivitis phenomena of inflammation are expressed only slightly. Redness of the small amount of discharge too. Within the lung. Duration of illness up to one week.

In 25% of cases occur adenoviral conjunctivitis tunicate form. In this form of the mucous membrane of the eye are formed thin film, grayish-white color, which can be easily removed with a cotton swab. Sometimes a film can be firmly soldered to the conjunctiva, beneath exposed surface bleeding. In this case, is to conduct a survey on diphtheria. After the disappearance of films usually do not leave marks, but sometimes may appear structurally unstable scars. In the conjunctiva may also be petechial hemorrhages and infiltration (compaction), which, after recovering fully absorbed.
In the follicular form of adenoviral conjunctivitis in the eyes of the mucous membrane of small vesicles occur, sometimes they are large.

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis.

This species is highly contagious keratoconjunctivitis. It affects adults. Ill families, groups. Cause epidemic keratoconjunctivitis a form of adenovirus. Infection is transmitted by contact through dirty hands, kitchen utensils, linens. Possible contamination of ophthalmic medical instruments in the hands of medical personnel.

From the moment of infection to the onset of the disease takes about a week. Initially, the disease may occur headache, mild fatigue, sleep disturbance. Initially, one eye is sick, but soon joined the second. There are complaints about the feeling of debris eyes, tearing, eye discharge. The eyelids appear swollen, reddened mucosa. Into the conjunctival sac is a moderate amount of mucopurulent discharge. Sometimes the conjunctiva formed thin films, which are easily removed with a cotton swab.

Can grow and become painful lymph nodes in the submandibular region and near the ear. A week was getting better and all manifestations like disappear. A few days after feeling better watering and weeds growing eye, there is photophobia. Sometimes there is a sense of visual impairment. It joins the inflammatory process in the cornea of the eye, where there are multiple point cloud.

The illness can last up to two months. When opacities in the cornea recovery is usually completely resorbed and vision is restored. Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis after suffering remains immune for life.

Treatment of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. The patient must be isolated, as the disease is extremely contagious. To prevent infection of other patients for the treatment of such patients is better to use disposable pipettes, and eye stick. Separation can even be closed to quarantine.

Appointed antivirals:
  • oksolin
  • florenalevaya ointment
  • gludantan
  • deoxyribonuclease.

It is used as human interferon, other immunomodulators, vitamins. Instillation of drops carried out 6 times a day, laying the ointment 3 times a day

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