Bloating - abdominal distension due to accumulation of gas in the intestines. Increased gas production in the loops of intestine is accompanied by a rumbling in the abdomen, a feeling of tension, discharge of gases. Pain can occur with hyperextension of the bowel wall and the tension of its ligaments accumulating gases. After passing the gas bubble pain usually disappear. The causes of flatulence, diverse.
Flatulence is one of the earliest disorders of the gastrointestinal tract that can occur in humans in the first days after birth. It is based, above all, the imperfection of the enzyme system or a violation of its activities. The lack of enzymes leads to the fact that a large amount of undigested food residue gets into the lower parts of the digestive tract. As a result, significantly more active processes of putrefaction and fermentation, a large amount of gases. Violations of the enzyme system may arise when unbalanced diet, as well as in various diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract (gastritis or duodenitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, hepatitis).