» Recent advances in the treatment of obesity
Recent advances in the treatment of obesity
Recent advances in the treatment of obesity
If you start studying the literature, we can see that the notes on the latest developments in the treatment of obesity with enviable frequency flicker. But at the end of the vast majority of them have a clause that tells that this is only the first success, the method needs further investigation and verification on the human body. Learn about the results ... in ten years! But the real advances in the treatment of obesity, which are effectively used today, of course, is, and they concern mainly new drugs and surgical methods of struggle against excess weight.
Basic methods for treating obesity - diet and exercise have a long history already, and you can tell, have exhausted their potential - too varied and complex ways to the development of obesity and too much effort have to put lazy modern man to achieve weight loss in these ways, and long-term retention of it! Therefore, the result is quite satisfactory ...
Newer methods, components, on this day, the latest advances in the treatment of obesity, do not require time-consuming effort, and will they help, as it were outside, and is therefore guarantee a more pronounced and prolonged effect, and thus significantly improve the quality of life. However, medical treatments for obesity are not known for years. This is mainly centrally acting drugs that suppress the appetite.
But to the latest advances in the treatment of obesity may include new developments, which have a pronounced non-systemic action. They have a higher efficiency and safety, and can be used for longer periods. They act this way - blocking the stomach and intestine enzyme lipase, due to which fat reduction does not occur, and it passes through the intestine without being soaked. As a consequence, a large percentage of triglycerides (containing fatty acids) and cholesterol simply excreted from the body, allowing a significant calorie deficit, especially against the background of a low-calorie diet.
Along with deliverance, and important, the extra pounds and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, normal blood pressure and carbohydrate metabolism. Needless to say, that being as a result of this treatment is only getting better! Everything is wonderful, but, nevertheless, from searching the pharmacy like drug, do not forget to consult with your doctor, because even the best drugs have contraindications for use.
The use of new surgical techniques, also constitute one of the latest advances in the treatment of obesity, guarantees an even more substantial and rapid, and most importantly, the most stable result. Currently, all methods of surgical treatment of obesity based on two effects. This is either a sharp decline in functioning gastric or exclusion from the process of digestion a significant part of the small intestine, which does not fully absorbed a lot of nutrients.
And in fact, in both cases the result is based on creating a significant deficit of calories, which is not possible to achieve the majority of people using different diets. Here you will steadily lose those extra pounds, since the energy gap exists in addition to any of your efforts. Pronounced effect of bariatric operations that are supported by the fact that along with the loss of pounds, and reduced most of the manifestations of associated diseases.
But the latest achievement of the treatment of obesity - a temporary installation of an intragastric balloon, which is possible to introduce an effective surgical intervention, even at moderate degrees of obesity, whereas the earlier operations were carried out only with a very strong and the complete absence of obesity, the effect of conservative therapy. The essence of manipulation is what is put into the stomach tube, the lower end of which is connected with densely packed silicone balloon. With the introduction of a probe of normal saline to a volume of the ball crushes 400-800 ml, filling a significant portion of the stomach. The ball is set for up to 6 months. And then removed. If necessary, the procedure over time can be repeated.
Also to the international standards of surgical treatment of obesity surgery include gastric band overlap, which changes the shape of the stomach in the form of "hourglass" to create a "small ventricle" with a very small amount. Food, getting into a small "upper" stomach of, thanks to the narrow transition created by an external bandage stays in it, by acting with receptors that are in large numbers in the bottom, which activate the center of saturation in the cerebral cortex. Being "in the small ventricle" for a long time, the food helps the patient to long experience of hunger.
Less commonly, because of its stronger effect, use of gastric bypass surgery, when you create a small reservoir at the top of the stomach that can accommodate only very small amounts (up to 30 cu. Cm) of solid food. Next, using a special podshivaniya loops of small intestine, creating a bypass path that bypasses the food eaten most of the stomach and small intestine. As a result, there is an effective weight loss by reducing the number of food intake and an inability to fully absorption.
Such intervention requires careful monitoring by your doctor, because in some cases, due to malabsorption of micronutrients, may develop different states associated with the deficiency of vitamins (especially B12), iron and calcium. In such cases you should take dietary minerals and vitamins, to carry out pharmacological correction of these states. Therefore, this operation is carried out usually at a very significant excess weight, when the risk of complications associated with obesity is much greater than the risk of surgery.
Needless to say, surgery is a very serious thing, and to perform any surgery in patients with obesity requires the most skilled surgeon, clinic of modern equipment, trained medical personnel. Much depends on the patient, who for good results should contribute to strict observance of the doctor's recommendations after the surgery. Only close cooperation between the surgeon and the patient achieves the desired result.