Thrombolytic therapy - this treatment method, which consists in dissolving the clot in blood vessels. To do this in a blood vessel entered the drug that dissolves clots. In some cases, medication is injected directly into the bloodstream. In other cases, the doctor inserts a long thin vessel catheter to the site of thrombus formation. Then the catheter is introduced tromborastvoryayuschy drug, or simply destroyed the clot mechanically catheter.
More often than thrombolytic therapy is used for the treatment of ischemic stroke. In addition, thrombolytic therapy is used to treat the following conditions:
Deep vein thrombosis of lower extremities
Peripheral arterial embolism
Blockage of the shunt or dialysis catheter
Normally, blood flows smoothly through the vessels. Sometimes, however, such elements of the blood as platelets, blood clots can form. This process is known as blood clots, or coagulation. This is a normal process that protects you from excessive bleeding, even at the slightest injury. However, in some cases, blood clots accumulate in the lumen of the vessel and may cause its obstruction. In some cases, these pieces of clot can break away, after which they are carried by the bloodstream and can block the artery. Blockage of these vessels of the brain clots or a heart fraught with fatal consequences.
Depending on what situation the doctor may perform thrombolytic therapy in emergency and in a planned manner. Emergency thrombolytic therapy is conducted, such as stroke. Routine - with deep-vein thrombosis of lower extremities. Preparing for thrombolytic therapy
As usual, the doctor initially conducting a survey of the patient, collecting complaints. He finds the symptoms of the disease, how and when they arrived. Further examination is conducted patient. After that, there are special methods of investigation. They are:
Ultrasonic methods of research - a Doppler study and duplex scanning
Computer tomografnaya angiography
Magnetic resonance angiography
All these methods enable us to refine the localization of a blood clot in the vessel. The last of these methods - angiography allows for the introduction of thrombolytic therapy thrombolytic solution directly from a blood clot.