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Neurology, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Oncology, Obesity, Endocrinology, Vascular surgery - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, description of the disease.

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Monday, 13.07.2020, 13:52
Main » Vascular surgery » Causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism 
18:30
Causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism


The most common cause of pulmonary embolism is deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities. Other causes may be pelvic vein thrombosis.

Risk factors for pulmonary embolism

Genetic predisposition (presence of a direct relative who had thromboembolism)

Coagulation disorders - with an increased risk of blood clots in the blood
Heavy surgery - a long postoperative period, which increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis

Fractures of the pelvis and hips (where there is danger, too, and fat embolism - blockage mikrokapelkami intraosseous fat)

Pregnancy and the postpartum period - while the incidence of thromboembolic events increased by five times, the reason is the presence of the organism in certain hormonal levels, which changes blood clotting, the pregnant uterus pressure on large veins, as well as after birth - the presence of extensive wounds, which thrombosing
Heart disease (eg mitral valve defect, atrial fibrillation)

  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Varicose veins - in this case there is increased risk of blood clots in varicose veins
  • The presence of myocardial infarction or stroke in the past
  • Malignant tumors of the
  • Use of oral contraceptives containing estrogen


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