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Neurology, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Oncology, Obesity, Endocrinology, Vascular surgery - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, description of the disease.

Wednesday, 17.07.2024, 15:37
Main » ENT Diseases » Benign tumors of the nose 
Benign tumors of the nose

Benign tumors of the nose

For benign tumors of the nose include:

  • papillomavirus
  • fibroma
  • angiomas and angiofibromas
  • osteomas
  • Neuroma
  • nevi (pigmented tumors)
  • warts.

Typical symptoms of benign tumors of the nasal cavity are persistent difficulty in breathing through the nose, the half that contains the tumor, or hyposphresia anosmia, may be minor bleeding.

In the later stages of disease are observed:
  • deformation of the facial skeleton
  • headache
  • displacement of the eyeballs
  • visual disturbances.

The diagnosis of a benign tumor of the nose is established by endoscopy of the nose, probing tumor palpation, radiography. The final diagnosis is verified by histological examination of tumor slices.

Papillomas are usually localized in the run-up nose, grow relatively slowly, often recur after removal. Given that the papilloma may develop into cancer, its removal must be radical. In order to prevent scarring after appropriate removal of papillomas to cryoinfluence on the wound surface.

Vascular tumors of the nasal cavity (hemangiomas - capillary and cavernous, lymphangioma) develops on the nasal septum, the cartilage in the most part, inferior turbinate, nasal vault. They grow slowly, usually periodically bleed, sometimes heavily, gradually increasing, and can fill in the nasal cavity, to germinate in the ethmoidal labyrinth, orbit and maxillary sinus, have the form of round bumpy red-cyanotic tumor. For large tumors to determine its boundaries is necessary to make carotid angiography.

Surgical treatment, but it must be borne in mind the possibility of massive blood loss. Relapses are possible with non-radical excision.

Bleeding polyp in the structure resembles angiofibromas usually localized in the cartilage of the nasal septum, and usually has a wide foot. Bleeding polyp is more common in women, especially during pregnancy and lactation. Its size is usually small but sometimes acts as a tumor iznosa.Postoyannym frequent symptom is bleeding, usually in small portions.

Removal of bleeding palipa should be radical, because the remaining parts of the polyp recur quickly.

Fibroma of the nose is rare, usually localized in the run-up to the nose, throat and in the external nose.

Osteomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses are slow-growing, most often localized in the walls of the frontal sinus and ethmoid bones, rarely in the maxillary sinus. Osteomas in small sizes are often overlooked

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