Hiccups - involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm, accompanied by a flow of air into the airways and a reduction of the vocal cords.
Prolonged hiccups can be caused by irritation of the diaphragm, which can occur with lesions of nearby organs - stomach, intestine, diaphragmatic hernia.
In some cases, the cause of long-term hiccups include:
- myocardial infarction
- psychogenic disorder.
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