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Wednesday, 20.09.2017, 10:22
Main » Mammology » Postoperative pain and pain after irradiation 
Postoperative pain and pain after irradiation

Postoperative pain and pain after irradiation

The cause of pain in breast cancer can be not only the tumor, but also:

  • Surgery.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • The recovery period.
  • Changes in the noncancerous breast origin.

Postoperative pain

Pain after surgery is not so terrible, but it might bother and disturb the patient. This pain is usually associated with the fact that when the incision of soft tissue damaged by small nerve fibers. This leads to the fact that in this area increases the sensitivity. Tissue swelling after surgery - is also one of the reasons for this pain. In addition, during surgery, the surgeon carries out various manipulations with the tissues, which also applied to additional trauma.

After a lumpectomy pain localized in the place of the removed tumor. The reasons for this are described above. Gradually, this pain goes away as the wound healing and repair of nerve fibers.

After axillary lymphadenectomy as indicated pain. It may worsen after exposure to radiation. When you remove the lymph nodes is disturbed lymph flow from the upper extremity. This leads to a known state - lymphedema.

Lymphedema - a swelling of the lymph tissue. In the soft tissue creates pressure, which is also the cause of pain in this area. Lymphedema may be constant, although there are special exercises that can help alleviate some of its severity.

Pain after lymphadenectomy has another source - a nerve plexus in the axillary region. When deleting nodes have to postpone these nerves, which causes them to further trauma. Therefore, in some cases, pain in the underarm area can last from several weeks to several months or even years. Simple painkillers (analgin, ibuprofen, etc.) are ineffective in this case and are usually used special preparations that affect the nervous tissue - is anticonvulsants and antidepressants.

Pain after mastectomy - removal of all breast cancer - can be combined with numbness and weakness in the arm and shoulder. In most cases, these symptoms are associated with trauma to soft tissues of their dissection, and stretching.

Pain after radiation exposure

Radiation can cause pain of varying intensity. Sometimes it is paroxysmal, and in some cases - significantly expressed. In most cases, this pain is expressed moderately and gradually goes away after radiation therapy. Why is radiation causes the pain?

Irritation of the nerves

The appearance of swelling around the scar tissue and the irradiated area,

The skin lesion (like a sunburn)

The friction of the skin irritated about each other (for example, irradiation of the axillary region).

Sometimes the infection.

Pain after radiation therapy are usually wears off after irradiation. Most of the pain goes away in the first year after treatment.

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1  [p during the day, so as to compensate for the loss of their night.

Needed to treat snoring, especially if the first signs of obstructive sleep apnea, such as restless sleep surface, sweating and palpitations night urination, fatigue and headaches in the morning, a sharp daytime sleepiness, irritability, impaired memory and attention.

Diagnosis of snoring is placed without difficulty. For this query the relatives and carry out screening tests. However, there are additional instrumental techniques for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea. Patients were administered polysomnography - a method of study of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in the patient during sleep.

If possible, you should remove the cause of snoring. Patients should avoid risk factors:
Do not smoke before bed
do not drink alcohol.

Treatment of snoring.

There are various methods of conservative and surgical treatment of snoring and sleep apnea. Conservative methods are aimed at increasing the respiratory tract. Patients must choose the correct position for sleep. There are also special intraoral device, prevents snoring. Patients can do special exercises to reduce snoring.

Surgical correction of snoring and sleep apnea involves complex operations, improve nasal breathing, increase the clearance of the pharynx, which reduce the size of the soft palate and pharyngeal lymphoid formations. These operations are usually performed with a laser, ultrasound or mechanical scalpel. It is also possible in-patient treatment with positive airway pressure.


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