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Neurology, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Oncology, Obesity, Endocrinology, Vascular surgery - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, description of the disease.

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Wednesday, 17.07.2024, 16:15
Main » Vascular surgery » Treatment of diseases of the aorta and iliac occlusion of the arteries 
18:25
Treatment of diseases of the aorta and iliac occlusion of the arteries


What is the treatment of occlusive disease of the aorta and iliac arteries
Changes in lifestyle

In mild cases, your doctor may recommend the patient to change some aspects of life. It is strongly recommended to quit smoking. The nicotine in tobacco constricts blood vessels, and that so detrimental to the affected vessels. In addition, it is necessary to normalize the excess weight, exercise, observe bezholesterinovuyu diet rich in fiber. All these events contribute to the slowdown in the process of atherosclerosis. If necessary, the doctor prescribes drugs that reduce blood cholesterol levels.

When high blood pressure prescribers, reduce it. In addition, diabetes mellitus, which is often associated with atherosclerosis, appointed by the glucose-lowering drugs and the need to diet. Diabetes itself can cause loss of lower limb arteries, disrupt sensitive feet, which is called diabetic neuropathy. This condition requires special treatment, foot hygiene, wearing special shoes and avoiding injury. This is due to the fact that in diabetic neuropathy patients can not feel my legs trauma that leads to lung infection and the formation of ulcers.

Medicines


Drug therapy in the treatment of occlusive disease of the aorta and iliac arteries consists of vasodilator drugs, antikoagulyanotov (blood thinner) such as aspirin or klopidrogel, drugs that reduce cholesterol urovel (lovatstatin, atorvastatin, etc.), as well as products that will improve the overall metabolism the tissues.

Physiotherapy


This includes the use of techniques such as diadynamic currents, ultra-high frequency and others. They are all based on the fact that expand blood vessels narrowed.
Surgical techniques

In contrast to previous methods of treatment, surgical treatment is radical. It includes such modern methods:

endarterectomy - an autopsy of the arterial lumen and the atheromatous plaque removal, together with the inner wall of the artery. This technique applies only to local aortic or iliac arteries. There is an open, half open and closed methods of the operation

aorto-femoral, femoral-popliteal bypass method, which consists in the fact that in bypassing the narrowed section of the affected artery sutured vessel - the so-called shunt

angioplasty - minimally invasive intervention, consisting in the fact that the arterial catheter with inflated balloon on the end. Inflating, balloon expands the narrowed portion of the artery. The method is often combined with stenting - the imposition of the extended portion of the vessel stent - a wire construction, carries out the function of the frame.



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