After liver transplantation, the patient is on the dispensary. Accordingly, as the patient's attending physician prescribes medication designed to prevent rejection of a transplant. Individually selected dosage of prescribed drugs. To reduce the risk of graft rejection, it is necessary to respect some rules: never stop taking prescribed medications, and not independently change the dose of these drugs. Do not take other medicines without first consulting your doctor.
From time to pass laboratory tests such as: general and biochemical blood tests, urine tests, virological study to determine the concentration of immunosuppressive agents in the blood. Need an ultrasound of the transplant, pancreas, kidney, heart, and ECG. Possible to conduct additional research methods, which determines the need for a doctor.
The main objective of diet therapy after liver transplantation is the correct selection of products that do not cause liver dysfunction. Recommended homemade high-energy diet with restriction of fat, fried and smoked food. The number of meals should be at least four times a day. The diet should prevail a lot of vegetables and fruits. Shall not be allowed drinks containing alcohol. Limit consumption of coffee is better to refrain from smoking, especially in the early postoperative period.
If possible you should avoid crowded places to avoid the risk of infection. Also ruled out of contact with sick and contagious viral disease.
Must respect the work and rest. In disabled patients after liver transplantation significantly affects the patient's age, duration of disability and a job. If the patient has been previously occupied by heavy physical labor, from this work will have to give. Also have to give up active sports.
Liver transplantation in the modern medical practice offers a real chance to cure a large number of patients with various liver diseases that were previously considered hopeless in terms of outcome. To date, more than 80% of patients after liver transplantation, living more than 5 years, and many of them socially rehabilitated.