Gout - a disease characterized by lesions of joints due to deposition of uric acid crystals. With a long and cross-sectional studies found that obesity affects the development of high levels of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia) and gout. Moreover, hyperuricemia develops in patients with abdominal obesity and the type of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and reduces the presence of uric acid excretion by the kidneys.
Osteoarthritis - Overweight and obesity increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis (vospleniya) joints, carrying an increased load, usually the knee because the knee joint during the period of human activity have a greater load than the hips. Most often osteoarthritis occur in women, even if they have a little excess weight.
Studies of pairs of twins have shown that if one twin suffers from symptomatic or asymptomatic osteoarthritis of the lower extremities, his weight is usually about 3-5 kg higher than that of the other twin. These studies have also shown that obesity is involved in the pathogenesis (development) of osteoarthritis. In some scientific studies associated with obesity and the occurrence of osteoarthritis of the joints of hands, which suggests the existence of other mechanisms of joint disease in obesity, in addition to increasing load.