Gastroenterology (from gastro ... and Greek. Énteron - colon, lógos - teaching), a branch of medicine concerning the structure and functions of the human digestive system in normal and pathological conditions. Gastroenterology is studying the causes of diseases of the digestive system, the mechanisms of their development. As the science develops new methods of gastroenterology diagnostics, treatment and prevention of gastroenterological diseases.
Diseases of the digestive system to date are the most common of all diseases of internal organs. "The area of responsibility" of Gastroenterology - is treatment of diseases of the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, intestine, gall bladder and liver.
Modern methods of diagnosis in gastroenterology (ultrasound, esophagoscopy, gastroscopy, laparoscopy, rectoscopy, radiological studies, a large number of laboratory techniques, etc.) can detect diseases of the digestive system in the early stages and carry out effective prevention and treatment.