During the formation and development were formed and strengthened the moral principles of the medical profession. Despite the fact that at different stages of social development, these positions yielded a severe test, history of good medicine - is the story of humanity and sacrifice for the sake of physician health and human life. New discoveries in medicine, the use of modern technology, highly informative medical - diagnostic studies not only broaden the scope of a physician's professional opportunities, but also put up new moral and ethical issues.
In modern intensive care units, equipped with modern medical equipment and respiratory function of the heart can be maintained long enough. In recent years the revised statement of the concept of death: the death of the body is now ascertained not after cardiac arrest, as it was before, and after the death of the brain. This concept was developed independently by neurologists and transplant seems to be an opportunity for the development of transplant - kidney, heart and liver. In certain incurable diseases and organ transplantation is the only way to save the patient.
On the ethics of transplantation today, speak and write a lot, but not always positive. The key here, as it should be for medical professionals.
Professional ethics is clear and simple. According to its first rule, to help the patient, the recipient must be required, but not at the expense of health of the donor. The law prohibits organ transplant, if it is known that this operation will cause irreversible harm to the donor. The second rule explains the decision-making mechanism physician: organ transplantation is acceptable if the result of the operation justifies the unwanted side effects.
At the same time it should be emphasized that the society as a whole is not prepared to accept the idea of transplantation and donation. This is primarily due to the imposition of the media in the consciousness of the layman sensational, often unproven and unprofessional lit the facts of a negative character. This is largely discredited in the promising area of medicine - the transplantation.
Therefore, it is in this branch of medicine, we need a moral and ethical standards and legislation that would adequately regulate the process of transplanting organs and tissues. On the other hand, the only treatment for patients before transplantation is bad and it is the highest level of medical risk, and the last hope for the patient.