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Neurology, Ophthalmology, Cardiology, Oncology, Obesity, Endocrinology, Vascular surgery - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, description of the disease.

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Saturday, 21.04.2018, 01:01
Main » Vascular surgery » Prevention of cardiovascular disease 
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Prevention of cardiovascular disease


For vascular diseases include diseases of arteries, veins and lymphatic system. Vascular diseases have different causes. Among the most major causes of diseases of the aorta and the arteries - atherosclerosis. This disease is associated with metabolic disorders, and in particular - with lipid disorders. In atherosclerosis the inner walls of arteries and aorta cholesterol plaques are deposited special, consisting of cholesterol, calcium and fibrous tissue.

Factors contributing to the development of atherosclerosis are:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • High blood pressure
  • Physical inactivity (sedentary)


Prevention of these risk factors included in the prevention of atherosclerosis. It is also recommended changes in diet, namely, the restriction holesterinsoderzhaschih products, the use of vegetable oils and fish salmon.

Causes of venous diseases can be infection, blood clotting, it more often - it's innate change the wall of veins and their valves. Preventing deep vein thrombosis is in compliance with the regime of walking, prevention of infection. When fully developed the consequences feet deep vein thrombosis is recommended to wear special elastic knitwear. It helps prevent the development of secondary varicose veins, and also helps with lymphedema.

Prevention of diseases of lymphatic system aimed at the timely treatment of infections of the skin, such as erysipelas, which is often complicated by lymphedema.
Practical tips for preventing venous diseases

Avoid:

  • Stagnation of blood. Do your best to change the posture during prolonged sitting or standing, move more.
  • A sharp rise in ambient temperature, the heating, which leads to varicose veins;
  • Taking a hot bath, sauna, Turkish baths;
  • Prolonged exposure to the sun;
  • Application of hot wax as the epilator


Take precautions:

  • Does not obstruct the venous circulation:
  • Wearing too tight jeans, tight girdles and corsets, stockings and socks with tight elastic bands;
  • Wearing shoes, closely-fitting leg (calf).



Necessary to eliminate the factors that contribute to damage to the veins:

  • Overweight;
  • Heavy lifting;
  • Excessively high doses of hormones (of course, contraceptives, etc.).

To improve the venous drainage:

  • Keep your feet up while you sleep and rest;
  • Take a contrast shower.


To maintain balance:

  • Heels must be no higher than 3-4 cm
  • Use soft orthotics.


Useful exercise (2-3 min. Several times a day):
If you have to sit for long periods of time:
Stand up and walk at a brisk pace;
Switch feet;

Sports:
Avoid sports-related pressures on the arch of the foot:
Tennis, squash, high jumping, aerobics, weightlifting;
Sports best to maintain the tone of veins:
The simplest and most accessible way - walking;
The best option - swimming;
It is also expedient: cycling, dancing, golf, surfing.

Currently in the prevention of cardiovascular disease applied medications. These include drugs that reduce the chance of blood clots. This is most often aspirin ¼ tablet per day. When venous diseases are recommended drugs chestnut.



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