Urology (from the Greek «uros» - «urine" and «logos» - «science"), a branch of medicine that studies urological diseases of the urinary tract (ureter, bladder, urethra), including surgical renal disease (tumor abnormalities, trauma, etc.), and diseases of the male reproductive system. In modern urology formed separate areas - oncology urology (benign and malignant tumors of the urinary and male reproductive systems), urologic gynecology (urological complications after previous gynecological operations and procedures), andrology.
Typical symptoms are pain urological diseases with different localization and strength, frequent urination, blood or pus in the urine. Inflammatory processes in the urinary tract may be accompanied by fever, fever, worsening of general condition. Such manifestations should not be ignored and require immediate treatment to the doctor - the urologist.
Modern diagnostic techniques in urology (ultrasound of the kidneys and urinary tract tsistoskipiya, urethroscopy, uroflowmetry, excretory urography, retrograde ureteropielografiya, laboratory tests of urine and many more) can detect diseases of the urinary tract at an early stage and carry out their effective prevention and treatment.