Varicose veins can be both conservative and surgical. Choice of treatment depends on the form of the disease, its stages, changes in the skin, the presence of venous ulcers, as well as comorbidity.
Let's dwell on the conservative treatment of varicose veins. Conservative treatment involves the use of pills, ointments and special bandages. It should be noted at once that you should not have illusions in the sense that taking the most modern pills and ointments from varicose veins are able to completely "sucked" varicose veins. It is important to remember that varicose Vienna, especially convoluted, will never be back the same as before.
What can you expect from medical treatment? Conservative treatment - is, above all, prevention of further disease progression. Conservative treatment of varicose veins helps to eliminate many of the manifestations of the disease, such as heaviness, swelling. But, for example, to cure sores no pills and ointments do not help. High as their effect can be obtained only during the time of surgery.
When conservative treatment of varicose veins usually prescribe drugs that improve the tone of the walls of the veins (called flebotoniki), drugs that improve blood viscosity (to prevent blood clots) and some other drugs.
It is worth noting the use of compression therapy. She is wearing a special jersey - compression stockings, socks, or the usual elastic bandaging.
The value of compression therapy is that it delays the progression of varicose veins, but also has other positive effects.
In general, conservative treatment can be considered as preparation for surgery.
Today, surgery for varicose veins - is the main pathogenetic method of treatment. Correct operation can not only eliminate all manifestations of varicose veins, but also to prevent its occurrence in the future.
At present, operative treatment methods of varicose veins abound. There are traditional extensive interference with skin incision along the entire length of varicose veins, and there are miniature interventions, as well as the so-called malooinvazivnye treatments such as laser therapy, radiofrequency coagulation of veins, etc. There are also methods of non-surgical treatment of varicose veins - is sclerotherapy and its modifications.
Among the methods of surgical treatment of varicose veins may be noted are: Stripping - removal of the vein through a thin probe. To do this in one and the other end of Vienna meets, it introduces a probe, which is fixed at the other end of the vein, after which this probe is removed Vienna.
Mikroflebektomiya - the removal of diseased varicose vein through a small puncture of the skin without incisions. The main advantage of this method is the high therapeutic and cosmetic effect in a very short time.
Endosurgery - this method of video endoscope technology for the removal of varicose veins.
Laser coagulation - a method of laser treatment of varicose veins, which she knits.
Radiofrequency coagulation - a method of treatment of varicose veins radiofrequency radiation.
Phlebectomy - a classic method of removing the vein, where a long incision is used throughout the varicose veins.
Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages of both cosmetic and demerits in terms of risk of recurrence of varicose veins.
The choice of treatment for varicose veins is dependent on many factors: the stage of the disease, its forms, the degree of manifestation, presence of concomitant diseases and complications of varicose veins, and also the possibility of specific treatment in a particular clinic.
If the patient is a secondary varicose veins, for example, associated with postthrombophlebitic syndrome, applied very different methods of operations.