Snoring - a sound phenomenon that occurs when beating each other soft structures of the throat against the air stream passing through narrowed airways. More than 30% of the adult population suffers from snoring, after 60 years of 60%.
Snoring is the sound, is largely a social problem to others, than the man himself. However, snoring can be a precursor and one of the main symptoms of serious disease - the disease stops breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea).
Snoring occurs when:
congenital narrowness of the nasal passages or pharynx
in the presence of polyps in the nose
with an elongated uvula
small retroposed mandible (in violation of the bite)
For snoring cause the following functional factors and disease, reducing the muscle tone in the throat:
sleep debt and fatigue
receiving sleeping pills
reduction of thyroid function
cessation of menstruation in women
All this leads to a narrowing of the airway and the appearance of the characteristic sound when breathing in their sleep. One of the main symptoms due to chronic snoring is daytime sleepiness, which occurs because snoring can cause frequent mikroprobuzhdeniya brain. This leads to the fact that the dream is broken. Body and brain do not rest at night. And trying to get his, the brain tries to sleep during the day, so as to compensate for the loss of their night.
Needed to treat snoring, especially if the first signs of obstructive sleep apnea, such as restless sleep surface, sweating and palpitations night urination, fatigue and headaches in the morning, a sharp daytime sleepiness, irritability, impaired memory and attention.
Diagnosis of snoring is placed without difficulty. For this query the relatives and carry out screening tests. However, there are additional instrumental techniques for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea. Patients were administered polysomnography - a method of study of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in the patient during sleep.
If possible, you should remove the cause of snoring. Patients should avoid risk factors: Do not smoke before bed do not drink alcohol.
Treatment of snoring.
There are various methods of conservative and surgical treatment of snoring and sleep apnea. Conservative methods are aimed at increasing the respiratory tract. Patients must choose the correct position for sleep. There are also special intraoral device, prevents snoring. Patients can do special exercises to reduce snoring.
Surgical correction of snoring and sleep apnea involves complex operations, improve nasal breathing, increase the clearance of the pharynx, which reduce the size of the soft palate and pharyngeal lymphoid formations. These operations are usually performed with a laser, ultrasound or mechanical scalpel. It is also possible in-patient treatment with positive airway pressure.