Scoliosis - a lateral curvature of the spine. Usually, our spine has two physiological curvatures: kyphosis - curvature of the spine bulge back (this is noted in the curvature of the thoracic spine) and lordosis - Forward curvature of the spine bulge (marked in the lumbar spine).
Scoliosis is usually two times more common in girls than in boys. This condition can occur at any age, but most scoliosis is seen in children over the age of 10 years. This disease can be characterized by genetic predisposition, which means more frequent occurrence of scoliosis in people whose parents have also suffered from this disease. Scoliosis affects between 3 to 5 people of 1000.
How to identify the presence of most of scoliosis in children
It should ask the child to get back to you and relax. In this case you need to pay attention to the following main features of scoliosis:
one shoulder slightly higher than the other children,
bulges the corner of one of the blades,
different distance from the body pressed to his side arm to the waist,
spine is tilted forward curvature of the spine is marked.
Causes of Scoliosis
Approximately 80% of cases of scoliosis its cause remains unknown. We are in this case is the so-called idiopathic scoliosis. This type of scoliosis is described based on the patient's age. If scoliosis is seen in children younger than 3 years, this infantile idiopathic scoliosis. At the age of 3 - 10 years old patient we are talking about the so-called juvenile idiopathic scoliosis. If scoliosis occurs in patients over the age of 10 years, it is youthful.
There are three main types of scoliosis:
The functional form of scoliosis: in this type of scoliosis spine straight, but it says its because of abnormal curvature of some of the problems in the body. The reason for this may be scoliosis, for example, shortening of one leg over the other, or spasm of the muscles.
Neuromuscular scoliosis: scoliosis in this type of violation is noted the formation of bones of the spine. Either the bones of the spine is not fully formed properly, or they are not separated from each other. This form of scoliosis observed in patients with congenital defects, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, or Marfan syndrome. If the curvature of the spine is marked at birth, it is innate. This form of scoliosis is more severe and requires more persistent treatment than with other forms of scoliosis.
Degenerative scoliosis: Unlike scoliosis, which occurs in children and adolescents, this type of scoliosis occurs in old age. The reason for its occurrence is arthritis joints of the spine. The weakening of ligaments and other soft tissues of the spine in conjunction with bony growths on the spine can lead to curvature of the spine.
Other causes of scoliosis may be noted tumors of the spine, for example, osteoidosteomu. This is a benign tumor of bone, which may be manifested by pain. As a result of pain the patient reflexively flexes your spine to ease pain, which leads to the formation of scoliosis.