Rehabilitation after myocardial infarction - is rehabilitation for coronary heart disease, taking into account the characteristics of the infarct.
After myocardial infarction, all patients can be divided into two categories - and not be subject to sanatorium treatment. Rehabilitation of such patients depends on the class of gravity of myocardial infarction. There are four classes of severity of patients with myocardial infarction depending on the stage of recovery.
I class of gravity - netransmuralny myocardial infarction, absence of complications, and strokes.
Class II severity - a state of moderate severity. There are not heavy complications in the form of single extrasystoles, sinus tachycardia. Circulatory failure is not higher than I degree. The defeat of the infarction - transmural.
III class of gravity - a serious condition. Identified serious complications: circulatory failure II-IV degree, arrhythmia, hypertension crisis course.
Class IV of gravity - very serious condition. There are complications that increase the risk of sudden death, frequent ventricular extrasystoles, circulatory insufficiency grade IV, hypertension III degree.
Spa treatment is indicated in patients with the condition, which corresponds to I-III classes of severity. During the year after myocardial infarction treated patients spent only in local cardiac health centers.
Rehabilitation after myocardial infarction is aimed at achieving optimal conditions for quality of life. As in the case of coronary artery disease, the most important part is kardioreabilitatsii physiotherapy, physical exercise, which train the heart muscle, blood vessels of the heart. In addition, therapeutic exercise leads to a reduction in blood cholesterol levels, lowering high blood pressure, overweight, and reduces the risk of stress.
In some cases, patients are asked, and not dangerous to engage in post myocardial infarction therapy, physical therapy, given pressure on the heart, does not it lead to another heart. It is important to understand that physiotherapy in myocardial infarction (as in CHD) - dosed and specifically designed for patients with coronary artery disease, and individually for each case.
An excellent tool for rehabilitation after myocardial infarction is a health path. Terrenkur - is metered by distance, time and angle of ascent on foot. Simply put, health path - it is a treatment dosage of specially organized walking routes.
Terrenkur - is primarily a dosage and a specially designed load, so it is not harmful for the heart, but rather useful, as it gradually trains. Terrenkur can be carried out both in vivo and with the help of special simulators.
Once again it is worth noting that the dosed physical exercise, it helps to improve the patient's mood, that is struggling with stress and depression, helps reduce excess weight, improve overall body tone. During exercise improves blood flow to all organs and tissues in the body, normal delivery of oxygen to all body cells.
By integral to prevention of myocardial infarction and re-kardioreabilitatsii is secondary prevention. These include strict control of blood pressure and lifestyle, the rejection of bad habits - smoking and alcohol consumption, regular exercise and diet.
It should be noted learning the correct way of life. All of the above measures - a measure aimed at limiting the risk factors for heart attack. Diet - is another important aspect of rehabilitation. Proper diet is important for the prevention of atherosclerosis - the underlying cause of CHD. Especially for you diet will develop a dietitian, according to your taste preferences. Of course, from a certain food will have to give. There is less salt and fat and more vegetables and fruits. This is important, since the continued receipt of excess cholesterol in the body is exercise therapy will be ineffective. As you know, our body itself produces the required cholesterol for him. And with the animal food, we will inevitably get more and extra cholesterol. It is therefore important to limit, especially fatty foods - fatty meat, lard, butter and sour cream. Of course, completely give up fatty foods is hardly possible, but sharply limit the intake of fat - by virtue of each.
With regard to alcohol, then the question somewhat controversial. As is known, scientists have long argued that small doses of alcohol are useful as dilate blood vessels. In this regard, the main thing "is not too far." It is recommended to use no more than one glass of wine a day.