Proctology - a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the rectum. The modern proctology - a section of surgery, which are used as traditional therapies, and minimally invasive surgery.
Go to the field of proctology include diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, polyps, colon and rectum, rectal prolapse, anal itching, and others.
When you need to contact the proctologist?
Consult your doctor, proctologist should be the case:
difficulty with bowel movements (constipation)
discomfort in the anal canal,
mucus from the anal canal,
bleeding from the anus during defecation,
pain during defecation,
Diseases of the rectum and colon may appear diverse, and at the same time, many of them on their symptoms are similar. Among the major signs of the colon or rectum include constipation, discharge of blood from the anus during bowel movements, diarrhea. Feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, bloating and occasional cramps are also characteristic of diseases of the colon.
Perhaps the most famous proctologic problem is hemorrhoids, as this disease is very common.
In proctology is very important to conduct a comprehensive survey, which includes:
Rectal finger examination,
Ultrasound diagnosis of the abdominal cavity.
This survey is completely painless. Without modern methods of colon and rectum proctology is unlikely to be moved would be so far ahead. Endoscopic techniques - anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy - let the doctor see the condition of the lumen of the rectum and colon.
To date, the use of modern non-surgical proctology treatment of many diseases. Such procedures can be performed outpatient, in the end the patient does not need to stay in the hospital, and he can immediately go home.
For example, if you had to remove the piles had to spend quite a "bloody" operation, after which the patient is at least a week lying in the hospital, and received painful dressings, today we have different methods of hemorrhoid treatment in which a surgeon's scalpel is not even taken in hand. This infrared photocoagulation, ligation of latex rings, and sclerotherapy. All these methods are virtually painless and does not require that the patient was in hospital.
Endoscopic methods can diagnose many diseases of rectum and colon, in particular, polyps, cancer. This method allows the doctor to see the tumor, as well as to take it a little bit - a biopsy for further cytological study.