Prehypertension - a border state, which is characterized by the parameters of blood pressure in the range 129-130/80-89 mmHg Prehypertension is a harbinger of hypertension in which there is an increase risk of heart disease, strokes, kidney disease and visual impairment.
Prehypertension usually does not manifest itself, so it can identify only by chance, during the medical examination. However Prehypertensioncan be controlled by specific measures such as weight loss, exercise, lifestyle changes and nutrition.
The manifestations of prehypertension
As angling said Prehypertensionusually does not manifest itself. Often no symptoms are not observed even at the classical hypertension. The only way to determine that the patient has Prehypertension- is the regular measurement of blood pressure. Try to continuously measure blood pressure when you visit a doctor in the clinic. Moreover, it is highly desirable to prepare for the measurement of blood pressure, because otherwise the results may be inaccurate.
Causes of prehypertension
Any factors that increase the pressure of the arterial wall, including atherosclerosis, can lead to prehypertension.
In addition, in some cases causes prehypertension may include:
Diseases of the adrenal
Diseases of the thyroid gland.
A temporary increase in blood pressure may also occur when taking certain medications, such as contraceptives, drugs used for colds, pain. Also, increased blood pressure may occur in some examples of drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines.
However, often prehypertension develops gradually without any specific reason.
Risk factors for prehypertension
Among the risk factors for prehypertension include:
Obesity or excessive weight. This is the most important risk factor for pre hypertension. The more weight a person has, the more the body is blood. As a result, there is an increase in blood pressure.
Age. Prehypertension is more common in younger than in older. For the most part this is due to the fact that older people already have a classic arterial hypertension. In fact, according to American researchers, in people aged 55 years the risk of developing hypertension is 90%.
Paul. Prehypertension is more common in men than in women.
A sedentary lifestyle.
A diet high in sodium and salt.
Excessive alcohol consumption.
In addition, the risk of hypertension may increase the limit at an elevated level of cholesterol and sleep apnea.
Complications of prehypertension
By itself does not have prehypertension, any complications. But prehypertensionmay eventually move to hypertension. The term prehypertension is often used by doctors in order to show that it is time to make lifestyle changes or initiate treatment to lower high blood pressure.
Prehypertension, which goes to hypertension may subsequently lead to increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke or heart failure. And over time, this risk only increases. According to American researchers, one in three patients with prehypertension aged 35-64 years, during four years of prehypertension goes to hypertension