Atrophy of the optic nerve are the end result of an entire group of pathological states of the organism. There are optic atrophy hereditary nature, which occur immediately or some time during the patient's life.
By optic atrophy leading retinal disease and other diseases of the eyeball and its structures. Diseases of the optic nerve leading to its atrophy:
Atrophy of the optic nerve can end disease of the central nervous system:
syphilitic brain damage
some chronic diseases.
In the development of optic atrophy play a big part of the nervous tissue edema, compression, circulatory disorders and nutrition of nervous tissue. Is complete and partial atrophy of the optic nerve.
With the full function of optic nerve atrophy and completely lost his sight is missing. The fundus exhibit flat, thinned, pale, gray optic disc, fundus vasoconstriction.
Partial atrophy of the optic nerve disorder characterized by less severe visual function. Field of vision narrowed to varying degrees, visual acuity snizheta and can not be corrected with glasses, lenses and surgical treatment, color vision impaired. Atrophy of the optic nerve can be fully developed, or in a state of progression.
Treatment of atrophy of the optic nerve.
It is necessary first of all, the treatment of primary disease. To maintain the function of the optic nerves prescribe medications to improve blood supply to the nerve supply of nerve fibers, vitamins, and physiotherapy. Modern methods of laser and electro-magnetic and optic nerve.
Most treatment is aimed at preserving existing function of view as to restore the atrophied nerve fibers is not yet possible