Laser - a concentrated beam of light. The main effect of laser surgery - this coagulation, ie the burning of tissues. For the treatment of varicose veins laser is also used. At the same time it strikes the inner surface of the walls of veins, that is, using intravascular.
The method of laser treatment of varicose veins called for intravascular laser coagulation (EVLK, endovazalnaya laser photocoagulation).
At present more frequently in the treatment of varicose veins using methods with the use of laser irradiation. They can be either in addition to primary therapy (eg, intravenous low-intensity radiation with a wavelength of about 0.6 microns), and be the main method. This endovazalnaya laser photocoagulation with the wavelength range from 800 to 2000 nm, which can eliminate the diseased trunk and perforating veins.
This method of treatment of varicose veins is intermediate between modern surgical procedures (miniflebektomiya, striping, kriostriping) and skleroobliteratsiey.
In general, to date, this method worked well enough. Particularly good results are obtained with the combined use of laser therapy complementary to each other and skleroobliteratsii. At present, laser treatment of varicose veins can be a good alternative to traditional methods of surgical treatment varikoznogot veins.
Laser treatment of varicose veins - this is an outpatient form of treatment. This means that after this procedure, the patient can go home the same and move on to their daily activities. The laser has on the vessel wall thermal effect. Going to burn as the vein wall, aseptic inflammation, resulting in a vein easily overgrow. The procedure is as follows: under ultrasound or needle puncture visual control of the distal venous trunk. In the lumen through the angiographic catheter is inserted into a special optical fiber (optical fiber), which promote either safenofemoralnomu connection, or anastomosis to safenopoplitealnomu - depending on the vessel on which work (large or small saphenous vein, respectively). Under local anesthesia, after reaching the junction with the deep veins, in fact, begins the impact of the laser: the course of pulling the fiber in the reverse direction at regular intervals on it fed pulsed radiation. As a result, the blood begins to boil in a vessel with the formation of vapor bubbles, damaged venous wall and the lumen is bonding. The barrel is sealed and subjected to total occlusion. When finished, the projection of the exposed vein roller set and produce elastic bandaging the limb.
The patient quickly returns to his usual way of life, but with the proviso that he must carefully follow the doctor prescribed mode of wearing compression hosiery and undergo periodic check-ups phlebologist. Laser treatment of varicose veins is characterized by low traumatic and maximum safety for the patient. Sam laser fiber inserted into a vein under the control of Doppler ultrasound. According to this optical fiber and fed to a laser.
After the application of laser therapy is usually worn on the leg compression stockings. The application allows you to compress the veins jersey, with the result that its walls are overgrown faster.
No seams at the same time impose is not required. Place of introduction of the laser fiber is sealed with a special tape.
The benefits of laser therapy include:
A good cosmetic effect - after the laser surgery on the skin is only 1-2 centimeter incision
On the skin there are no traces of the removal of varicose veins
Quick recovery: the patient the next day may have to go to work,
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia,
After the procedure is virtually pain,
The high therapeutic effect.
The short duration of the procedure (30-40 minutes).
Low complication rate.
In addition, laser therapy is safe for the patient, as it does not require the use of sclerosants, which may be allergy, and there is no chance of the drug in other tissues.
Complications of laser treatment of varicose veins
Among the side effects of laser therapy include:
Burns to the skin,
Changes in skin color in a remote vein,
Burning, tingling after removal of the vein due to trauma to small nerve branches,