Hypertrophy of the tonsils, as well as nasopharyngeal, more often in children. In this case it is usually associated with adenoids, which reflects the overall limfadenoidnoy hyperplasia tissue. In this case, the tonsils have a soft texture, smooth surface. In some cases of hypertrophy of the tonsils develops as a result of repeated acute inflammation.
Enlarged palatine tonsils may interfere with nasal breathing and swallowing food. It is often difficult question. In those cases where, except for hypertrophy of tonsils, adenoids are, respiratory function dramatically impaired. The child brings painful attacks of breathlessness during sleep, worried about his cough, he often wakes up. In this regard, the phenomenon of burnout. The diagnosis is established by pharyngoscope.
There are three degrees of hypertrophy. Simple hypertrophy of the tonsils need to differentiate from chronic hypertrophic tozillitom, which is characterized by a history of quinsy and faringoskopicheskimi signs of chronic inflammation. A significant increase of the tonsils is in lymphosarcoma, leukemia, Hodgkin. In rare cases, under the guise of hypertrophy may be hiding a cold abscess.
Treatment of hypertrophy of the tonsils
When expressed forms of hypertrophy of the tonsils the surgical treatment: partial produce their disposal - tonzillotomiyu at which the cut off part of the amygdala, projecting beyond the palatine arches. With a little hypertrophy, treatment can be dispensed with. Sometimes used binders and cautery, to reduce the swollen. Showing stay on the beach, south or mountain climate.
Contraindications to surgical treatment are acute and severe the chronic infectious diseases, blood diseases. In most cases tonzillotomiya is for children aged 5-7 years in an outpatient setting, it rarely makes it to infants and adults is very rare.