The main purpose of kidney transplantation - is to achieve a better quality of life in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Chronic renal failure is caused by the gradual loss of nephrons in any progressive kidney disease and is associated with the violation of their duties. By the final kidney "may cause various diseases" - is glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, developmental abnormalities, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, autoimmune disease.
Kidney transplantation today is recognized as the most effective treatment for end-stage renal failure.
A patient awaiting a kidney transplant, paid on a waiting list. Waiting list is a document of registration of patients who need a kidney transplant, and underwent a series of mandatory surveys which do not have contraindications to surgery and gave written informed consent to its implementation.
The sources of the kidney may be living and cadaveric donors. Cadaveric donors, in turn, are classified as dead, who pronounced brain-dead donors, and with the stated biological death.
Living donors are often relatives of the patient. Mandatory conditions for such donations is the absence of renal disease, and a similar blood type. Kidney paired organ and the operation does not cause irreparable damage to the health of the donor. For the patient with this type of kidney transplantation is far preferable, as both he and the operating postoperative period without any serious complications. We prove that the life expectancy of renal transplant from a living related donor than from cadaveric.
Removal of the kidney from a living donor is carried out simultaneously with the operation on the recipient, which is operated by another team of surgeons in the operating room closely spaced. Most often, take the left kidney, which has a longer Vienna.
After surgery, patients within 1-2 weeks, observed and treated in the intensive care unit in high sterility. These measures can significantly reduce the likelihood of infectious complications. In the future, patients will receive treatment to prevent rejection of transplanted organ.
The development of surgical techniques, revolutionary discoveries in pharmacology, improved methods of intensive therapy done in most developed countries, the daily reality of kidney transplants. It became apparent that there is a means of escape from the disease, before inevitably leading to the death.