Unwanted hair, strange as it sounds, is not as safe for their owners. Of course, their own hair, even if they are covered with solid rows of legs, arms, abdomen, back or face, do no harm, except that the moral, but their causes have to worry.
In medicine, there are two concepts that describe the excessive growth of hair - hirsutism and hypertrichosis.
Hirsutism - excessive growth of a terminal hair in women of male type. Terminal hair - the ones that are dark, hard and long, in contrast to Pushkova that slabookrasheny, soft and short. Male pattern hair distribution characterized by the appearance of hair on the chin, upper chest (in the sternum), upper back and abdomen. But the appearance of terminal hair in the lower abdomen, lower back, around the nipples, on hands and feet is normal. Note that the question of hirsutism is only in relation to women.
Hypertrichosis in contrast to hirsutism is characterized by excessive hair growth in places where they are the norm for age, sex and ethnicity. Latest circumstances of the situation a little bit confusing, so focus on them in detail. The fact that the growth of hair on the legs of an adult woman may be the norm. And here is the same girl 10 years already the norm is not. The appearance of hair on his chest is the norm for men, but the same thing for women is called hirsutism. If the rich vegetation on the legs is very common phenomenon for some representatives of the Mediterranean peoples, then Asian women this is not typical. So the appearance of hair in the wrong place at the wrong time and that person should be cautious.
Causes of hirsutism and hypertrichosis.
Excessive hair growth is due to a variety of reasons, some of which are common to these two "hairy" state.
Causes of hirsutism.
Doctors have identified a number of hirsutism:
hirsutism in the background of high levels of male sex hormones
family or genetic hirsutism
Hyperandrogenism - Increased levels of male sex hormones. Excess levels of male sex hormones in the blood of women can be the result of a number of reasons, a detailed list of which take a whole sheet.
Among the most dangerous is worth paying attention to the adrenal gland disease, among the most common - a syndrome sklerokistoza ovaries or Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
In diseases of the adrenal glands, particularly in tumors of this organ, there is enhanced release of materials - precursors of male sex hormones, which are already in the tissues of the body are converted into testosterone. The same emission occurs when the disease with a long name - virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia, is enhanced when the stimulation of the endocrine organ of the central nervous system.
Another tumor that can cause an increase in the amount of hair in the "male" field is lung cancer. Sometimes these tumors begin to synthesize hormones that regulate the work of the adrenal glands.
In Stein-Leventhal syndrome as a result of causes that are far, far away in the brain, there is enhanced stimulation of the ovaries, which suddenly begin to live well and grow the cells, the processing female sex hormones in muzhskie.Pechalnym result of such bizarre transformations involving violation of the menstrual cycle, the appearance of hypertrichosis, less hirsutism, the hair is besplodie.Tak appearing for no apparent reason on your feet should be cause for concern and reason for seeking to become a gynecologist-endocrinologist.
Other manifestations of elevated levels of male sex hormones in the blood is the appearance of greasy skin and acne, hair loss on the golove.V some cases, especially in diseases of the adrenal glands, the process can go so far that a woman is easier to find men's clothes, to finally look like a man rather than hide the symptoms of many men - the voice of calloused, swollen muscles, changing the location of body fat. Woman's genitals, as in this case are significant changes. The clitoris is like a small penis, and labia are reduced, rounded and somewhat reminiscent of the scrotum.
Family Family hirsutism hirsutism is due to genetic causes and is a completely normal state when other signs of distress of the endocrine system does not.
Herbal Medicinal hirsutism hirsutism and hypertrichosis, as a rule, can be provided in advance, as in most cases a side effect of medicines known. The most common "volosoobrazovatelyami" are corticosteroids, which include cortisone, hydrocortisone, prednisone, etc. Of course, that just such powerful drugs are not appointed, so that the side effects is a consequence of choosing between two evils.
Idiopathic hirsutism is idiopathic hirsutism apparent reason is usually not found, so the name stands for the unknown. Scientists believe that idiopathic hirsutism is associated with increased activity of certain enzymes and very high sensitivity of hair follicles to the effects of androgens. While the pharmaceutical industry has not yet proposed methods that eliminate the cause of idiopathic hirsutism, it is necessary to resort to hair removal. However, a variety of means and methods of hair removal is so high that his feet just have to be bald.
Causes of hypertrichosis.
Hypertrichosis is also a lot of reasons for the rise. The most disadvantaged is a congenital variant of hypertrichosis, which indicates the presence of a genetic syndrome. Acquired hypertrichosis may also have medicinal origin, and, strange as it sounds traumatic. Medications that cause hypertrichosis, are the same and cause hirsutism.
Treatment of hirsutism and hypertrichosis.
In summary, it is useful to decide which doctor to go.
Hirsutism in conjunction with obesity and body fat redistribution in the upper body, high blood pressure, the emergence of numerous extensions shall be binding on occasion to refer to an endocrinologist. These symptoms may be a manifestation of Cushing's syndrome.
Hirsutism in conjunction with infertility, menstrual irregularities, weight gain, the occurrence of diabetes, loss of hair on the head should be a reason for seeking a gynecologist-endocrinologist. These symptoms may be due to ovarian syndrome sklerokistoza.
Just hirsutism should be an occasion to refer to the beautician, after prior consultation and examination by a gynecologist-endocrinologist.