Modern Neurosurgery deals with problems of operational and non-operational treatment of a fairly wide range of diseases of the nervous system. This includes the treatment of tumors of the brain and spinal cord injuries and central nervous system and peripheral nerves, infection of the nervous system, abnormalities of development.
One of the most pressing issues today is also the problem of degenerative disc disease and spinal hernias. Currently, surgery for a hernia of the intervertebral discs are carried out using an endoscopic technique that allows you to perform minimally invasive surgery without an incision, with the punctures.
No less serious is the area of neurosurgery treatment of circulatory disorders of the brain, which include strokes. Modern trends in the development of vascular surgery have led to some progress in reconstructive surgery of cerebral circulation. This methods such as carotid endarterectomy, in which the lumen of the carotid atheromatous plaque is removed, the imposition of ekstraintrakranialnyh anastomoses with providing an additional source of cerebral blood flow, as well as balloon angioplasty and stenting of the vessels.
Another of the achievements of modern neurosurgery is the surgical treatment of epilepsy. If earlier the disease is cured only drug therapy that is not always crowned with success, but now with the development of stereotactic techniques was the development of its surgical treatment of epilepsy.
A very important issue of Neurosurgery is treatment of brain tumors. In addition to the surgical method that issue with a mandatory craniotomy to access the tumor, are widely used radiosurgery techniques - the so-called stereotactic radiosurgery. This method involves the irradiation of the tumor from different angles powerful stream of radiation.
The development of neurosurgery closely connected with advances in diagnosis, with the advent of techniques such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound methods. Without these methods could not have been many methods of treatment of neurosurgical diseases.
Modern Neurosurgery - rapidly developing science and its development is directly related to development and other areas of medicine.