The most serious complications of varicose veins include:
acute thrombophlebitis of superficial veins,
bleeding from varices.
Symptoms of acute thrombophlebitis: redness, pain and seals located along the subcutaneous blood vessels. With a favorable course of the process of a blood clot formed in a surface vein, spontaneously or on the background of the treatment can either organize (germinate connective tissue) and then disappear, resulting in a recanalization of the vessel, or completely block the lumen of him and cause obliteration and sclerosis of the affected veins. If the process is progressing steadily, it is possible extremely undesirable outcome, called the ascending varikotromboflebitom. This may entail lebotromboz - distribution process on the system of deep venous thromboembolism and the development of the pulmonary artery. In addition, in such cases, the absence of proper treatment is not excluded vascular occlusion limbs with complete cessation of blood outflow and the development of gangrene.
Running a form of varicose veins are often allocated the opening of venous ulcers, localized predominantly in the lower third of the tibia. Prior to this, itching, dermatitis, swelling of the feet, even seizures. Gradually, the skin appears plot hyperpigmentation, soft tissue compressed, fuse, their surface becomes easily vulnerable, and even the slightest trauma leads to nonhealing ulcer. Perifocal inflammation develops around, oozing from the wound discharge macerate the skin, often associated with the development of secondary infection of purulent-septic complications. Such changes are quite difficult to treat, and when they can be cut short, you need to take serious preventive measures to prevent recurrence, the risk of which, unfortunately, in such cases is very high.
Trophic ulcers can degenerate into malignant tumors.
Bleeding varicose veins can be subcutaneous and external, traumatic and spontaneous. In consequence it turns out thinning of the skin over the vein and advanced nodes, as well as degenerative changes in the vascular wall itself. When bleeding the patient should immediately adopt a horizontal position, raise the affected limb up under the best possible angle and make a tight elastic bandaging - burn in such a situation, in any case can not apply. Even if you managed to stop the bleeding at home - you should realize that this is temporary, and for his final stop is required hospitalization.
Any of these complications can be prevented in time, the early stages of varicose veins, seek medical advice and comply with all the data its recommendations.