In addition to the development of pathology of the heart and kidney disease, hypertension in the absence of adequate treatment can lead to eye diseases.
This is due to the fact that hypertension is marked narrowing of the arterioles - small blood vessels - in many organs, including the retina. Retin-A - is part of the eye that is responsible for the perception of the image and "turning" it into electrical signals that are already going further into the brain along the nerve.
In case of violation of blood flow occurs in the retina called hypertensive retinopathy. This is a pretty serious pathology, since in the absence of proper treatment of the patient may lose vision.
What are the manifestations of hypertensive retinopathy
In most cases, retinopathy is detected in the study of vision as well as its manifestation patients normally do not pay enough attention. By manifestations of retinopathy include:
How to diagnose retinopathy
Hypertensive retinopathy is diagnosed by ophthalmologists. To do this, the instrument used an ophthalmoscope. The signs of retinopathy include:
Narrowing of retinal vessels,
Leakage of fluid from the retinal vessels,
The spots on the retina,
Bleeding in the eye.
Treatment of hypertensive retinopathy
The most effective treatment for hypertensive retinopathy is an adequate blood pressure control.
Prevention of hypertensive retinopathy
Prevention of this complication of hypertension is an adequate treatment of the disease and regular visits to an ophthalmologist.